I posted a report on this phenomena and I wanted to post an update about the rise of water in bottom of Halema’uma’u crater at the summit of Kilauea. Ever since the discovery of three water ponds in the crater back in the beginning of August, 2019, the three ponds formed of blueish-greenish water ponds that have merged together and deepened into one pond. The sulfur chemical laced water is continuing to rise. It will continue to raise until it becomes level with the ground water table. However, there’s been some debate about the source of the water.
Big Island Video News (BIVN) has been following the USGS where the scientists want to get a sample of the water to see if it is either ground water, rain water, or some condensed water released by the magma. Once they know the source of the water the scientists will have an idea of the hazards and risks should magma returns to the crater. So far there is no magma movement or lava activity at the summit.
If the water is either rain water or condensed water, it may just boil off should magma returns to the crater. However, if the water is ground water it could cause an explosive event. Without a direct analysis of the water it is only speculation of the source of the water. Thermal analysis of the water shows the temperature at about 160 degrees Fahrenheit, or 70 degrees Celsius.
I still remember the May 3rd, 2018 eruption that affected the subdivisions in lower Puna in the eastern lava rift zone. The proceeding earthquakes leading up the the eruption were scary. The evacuations displaced many people. Some people did not have any homeowners insurance. The community got together to provide temporary housing. Available rental properties disappeared over night. There was some looting of homes. Farmers had to abandon their livestock. Whole subdivisions were destroyed by lava. Whole new shorelines were formed. A new black sand beach at (Poho’iki) Issac Hale Beach boat ramp. It was like reliving the Kalapana lava destruction in 1990.
No one knows what the future will bring and I hope not to never live through this in again in my lifetime. It’s a reprieve from the landlord and a warning that nothing is permanent.